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# Coproducts

The potentially useful byproducts of ethanol fermentation process.

Energy terms . 2014.

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• Coproduct — This article is about coproducts in categories. For coproduct in the sense of comultiplication, see Coalgebra. In category theory, the coproduct, or categorical sum, is the category theoretic construction which includes the disjoint union of sets …   Wikipedia

• Limit (category theory) — In category theory, a branch of mathematics, the abstract notion of a limit captures the essential properties of universal constructions such as products and inverse limits. The dual notion of a colimit generalizes constructions such as disjoint… …   Wikipedia

• Pushout (category theory) — In category theory, a branch of mathematics, a pushout (also called a fibered coproduct or fibered sum or cocartesian square or amalgamed sum) is the colimit of a diagram consisting of two morphisms f : Z → X and g : Z → Y with a common …   Wikipedia

• Complete category — In mathematics, a complete category is a category in which all small limits exist. That is, a category C is complete if every diagram F : J → C where J is small has a limit in C. Dually, a cocomplete category is one in which all small… …   Wikipedia

• Quantum group — In mathematics and theoretical physics, quantum groups are certain noncommutative algebras that first appeared in the theory of quantum integrable systems, and which were then formalized by Vladimir Drinfel d and Michio Jimbo. There is no single …   Wikipedia

• Adjoint functors — Adjunction redirects here. For the construction in field theory, see Adjunction (field theory). For the construction in topology, see Adjunction space. In mathematics, adjoint functors are pairs of functors which stand in a particular… …   Wikipedia

• Preadditive category — In mathematics, specifically in category theory, a preadditive category is a category that is enriched over the monoidal category of abelian groups. In other words, the category C is preadditive if every hom set Hom(A,B) in C has the structure of …   Wikipedia

• Addition — is the mathematical process of putting things together. The plus sign + means that two numbers are added together. For example, in the picture on the right, there are 3 + 2 apples meaning three apples and two other apples which is the same as… …   Wikipedia

• Metric (mathematics) — In mathematics, a metric or distance function is a function which defines a distance between elements of a set. A set with a metric is called a metric space. A metric induces a topology on a set but not all topologies can be generated by a metric …   Wikipedia

• Categorification — In mathematics, categorification refers to the process of replacing set theoretic theorems by category theoretic analogues. Categorification, when done successfully, replaces sets by categories, functions with functors, and equations by natural… …   Wikipedia