- A method of growing large size, high quality semiconductor crystal by slowly lifting a seed crystal from a molten bath of the material under careful cooling conditions.
Energy terms . 2014.
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Czochralski process — The Czochralski process The Czochralski process is a method of crystal growth used to obtain single crystals of semiconductors (e.g. silicon, germanium and gallium arsenide), metals (e.g. palladium, platinum, silver, gold), salts, and synthetic … Wikipedia
Verneuil process — The Verneuil process, also called flame fusion, was the first commercially successful method of manufacturing synthetic gemstones, developed in 1902 by the French chemist Auguste Verneuil. It is primarily used to produce the ruby and sapphire… … Wikipedia
Jan Czochralski — (pronounced cho HRAL skee) (October 23, 1885 April 22, 1953) was a Polish chemist who invented the Czochralski process, which is used to grow single crystals and is used in the production of semiconductor wafers.Czochralski was born in Kcynia,… … Wikipedia
Industrial process — Industrial processes are procedures involving chemical or mechanical steps to aid in the manufacture of an item or items, usually carried out on a very large scale.Industrial processes are the key components of heavy industry.Most processes make… … Wikipedia
Wafer (electronics) — Polished 12 and 6 silicon wafers. The flat cut into the right wafer indicates its doping and crystallographic orientation (see below) … Wikipedia
Silicon — Not to be confused with the silicon containing synthetic polymer silicone. aluminium ← silicon → phosphorus C ↑ Si ↓ Ge … Wikipedia
Sapphire — For other uses, see Sapphire (disambiguation). Sapphire The 423 carat (85 g) blue Logan sapphire General Category Oxide mineral … Wikipedia
Diamond simulant — Due to its low cost and close visual likeness to diamond, cubic zirconia has remained the most gemologically and economically important diamond simulant since 1976. The high price of gem grade diamonds, as well as significant ethical concerns of… … Wikipedia
Gallium arsenide — Gallium arsenide … Wikipedia
Crucible — For other uses, see Crucible (disambiguation). A modern crucible used in the production of silicon ingots via the Czochralski process A crucible is a container used for metal, glass, and pigment production as well as a number of modern laboratory … Wikipedia